For other uses, see Bulldog (disambiguation).
A Bulldog, also known as the English Bulldog or British Bulldog, is a medium-size breed of dog that originated in England.
The bulldog is a relatively small but stocky breed, with a compact body and short, sturdy limbs. Its shape results in a waddle-like gait. Bulldogs are known for their short muzzles and the saggy skin on their faces, creating the apparent "frown" that has become a trademark of the breed. Bulldogs come in a variety of colors and ideally have a smooth, short coat. The size for a mature male is about 50 pounds (25 kg); that for mature females is about 40 pounds (23.7 kg).
Temperament and characteristics
The temperament of the English Bulldog is generally docile, friendly and gregarious, but are known to be fiercely loyal and defensive and, because of their strength, could make good guard dogs. However most breeders have worked to breed aggression out of the breed. The English Bulldog is also very loyal and protective of its family and may exhibit aggression in a protective manner. Most bulldogs are so attached to home and family that they will not venture out of the yard without a human companion. Due to their friendly nature, bulldogs are known for getting along well with children, other breeds of dog, and any house-broken pet in general.
The bulldog is prone to some health problems, such as hip dysplasia and breathing problems. A bulldog is great for houses as well as apartments, but puppies may be destructive until they reach maturity. They are notorious for snoring, and while some adult bulldogs are considered "dry-mouths" and do not drool, wet-mouths drool extensively. Unfortunately, it is not possible to determine which mouth-type they will grow to be when they are at puppy age.
Like all dogs, Bulldogs require daily exercise. If not properly exercised the bulldog will gain weight, which could cause health problems. A properly exercised bulldog will exhibit a better temperament and will refrain from destructive behavior that results from boredom; however, bulldogs are extremely sensitive to heat. Bulldogs' sensitivity to extreme weather is a very important element to consider when purchasing a dog; They cannot handle extreme heat, humidity or cold.
Due to their generally low energy levels, and their quiet nature (they rarely bark without cause) they make great apartment pets as well as household pets. If not properly neutered and spayed adult animals may develop aggressive tendencies.
Other common health problems include cherry eye, allergies, and (among older bulldogs) hip problems such as hip dispalysia and cataracts. Because of the large heads in proportion to body size, baby bulldogs are usually delivered by Caesarean section as most pups get stuck in the birth canal during natural birth.
Bulldogs require daily cleaning of their face folds to avoid unwanted infections caused by moisture accumulation. Daily teeth brushing with a regular human soft toothbrush using a vet approved toothpaste is also recommended.
The term "bulldog" was first used around 1568 and might have been applied to various ancestors of modern bulldog breeds.
Unfortunately, this group never picked a specific breed standard, and in 1891 the two top bulldogs, Orry and Dockleaf, were greatly different in appearance. King Orry was reminiscent of the original bulldogs??”lighter boned and very athletic. Dockleaf was smaller and heavier set??”more like modern bulldogs.Dockleaf was declared the winner that year. Although some argued that the older version of the bulldog (known as the Old English Bulldog) was more fit to perform, the modern version??™s looks won over the fans of the breed.
Recently, many people have tried to recreate a breed more akin to the original bullbaiter. Examples of the trend are the Olde Englishe Bulldogge, Renaissance Bulldog, Victorian, Continental and Dorset Old Tyme Bulldog. The AKC does not recognize any of these newly "recreated" breeds of dogs.
Main article: List of Bulldog mascots
Because of its tenacity, the bulldog is a symbol of England and is a popular mascot of universities, such as Alabama A&M University, University of Georgia, Mississippi State University, Louisiana Tech University, Fresno State University, Drake University, The Citadel, Yale University, Butler University, University of Minnesota Duluth, Georgetown University, Drake University, Truman State University, and Gonzaga University.
Handsome Dan, the Bulldog mascot for Yale University, it is commonly accepted that Handsome Dan is the oldest-running traditional live mascot in the United States, since some incarnation of Handsome Dan has served at Yale for more than a century.
In addition, the bulldog is a widely recognized symbol of the United States Marine Corps.
Some bulldogs and bulldog characters are notable for their accomplishments or cultural cachet.
- Hector the Bulldog, Spike the Bulldog, Butch the Bulldog and Marc Antony are animated cartoon characters in the Warner Bros. Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons. Spike is also the name of Tom's nemesis in the MGM theatrical cartoon series Tom and Jerry. In this series, Spike was often accompanied by a puppy, his son Tyke.
- Butch is Droopy Dog's nemesis in the theatrical Droopy Dog cartoons.
- A bulldog named Cyril is the titular character in Connie Willis' Victorian time-travel comedy, To Say Nothing of the Dog.
- A bulldog named Regi starred in the feature film About a Dog, along with dog expert Ian Dickinson. Regi played a dog named Sprinkles, and two dog-mad rivals fought over Sprinkles' love.
- Dribble in Wario Ware
- David Serong, aka The Bulldog, is known for his short stocky bulldog-like features and also his bulldog-like aggression. He was recently named Sexiest Bulldog of The Year in FHM Magazine.
"Do you know why the English Bulldog has a jutting chin and sloping face? It is so he can breathe without letting go." ??”Sir Winston Churchill, to a Nazi envoy, 1940
"I ask the enemy, who wants a piece of this bulldog?" ??”Commander Jim Pate, Franco-Prussian War, 1871
"What is crazy, loopy and un-British? Slapping a bulldog." ??”Frankie Boyle, comedian
- Health & Care
- Breed history